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Imaging Unit PDF Print E-mail
Main Activities:
  • Gynecology Ultrasound
  • Transvaginal ultrasound
  • Transabdominal ultrasound
  • 3D-4D ultrasound
  • Obstetric Ultrasound
  • Screening for fetal chromosomal and structural abnormalities (in first, second and third trimesters)   
  • Color Doppler ultrasound
  • Diagnostic Ultrasound in Male Infertility
  • Transabdominal ultrasound
  • Transrectal ultrasound
  • Scrotul sonography
  • Color-doppler ultrasound
  • Hysterosonography
  • Two-dimensional hysterosonography
  • Three-dimensional hysterosonography
  • Radiology
  • Hysterosalpingography
  • Other graphy with constract (IVP, BE,..)
  • Routine Radiology

The Groups of Imaging Unit
Gynecology & Obstetric Ultrasound

  • Abdominal and Transvaginal Ultrasound has a high predictive value in both obstetrics and gynecology investigations. Gynecologic ultrasonography refers to the application of ultrasound to assess the female pelvic organs. It also forms a part of routine clinical investigations of women with history of gynecologic disorders, infertility, recurrent miscarriage and early preterm labor, before and during IVF/ICSI. Two-dimensional transvaginal ultrasound (2DUS) and Doppler ultrasound have a reliable diagnostic value in assessment of female pelvic organs.
  • 3D/4D Ultrasonography: Detection of uterine abnormalities has been the focus of research in gynecology recently. Structural pathology in the uterine cavity such as müllerian duct anomalies (MDAs) may have an important role in sub-infertility, implantation failure and outcome of pregnancy. 3DUS has recently become the mandatory step in the classifying MDAs since there is a high degree of concordance between 3DUS and MRI in the diagnosis of uterine malformation. In addition, lately 3D has become available for endometrial volume measurement. Ultrasonographic assessment of the endometrium is an important investigative tool in the assessment of endometrial receptivity. Endometrial volume is a useful criterion in predicting embryo implantation success and pregnancy rate in patients undergoing in-vitro-fertilization (IVF).
  • 3D/4D Sonohysterography: Sonohysterography consists of ultrasonographic imaging of the uterus, using real-time ultrasonography during injection of sterile saline into the uterine cavity. The goal of sonohysterography is to detect intrauterine lesions (polype, leiomyomas, hyperplasia, adhesions...) and congenital uterine abnormalities (septate, bicornuate, unicornuate...) by real -time ultrasonography. Sonohysterography assosiated with three-dimensional ultrasonography is a non-invasive, cost _effective, outpatient diagnostic modality, which enables a detailed assessment of uterine morphology. The appearance of fluid surrounding the fimbria, turbulence in the periadnexae and accumulation of fluid in cul-de-sac were considered evidence of tubal patency.
  • Prenatal Ultrasonographic Screening of Fetal Anormalies: Prenatal screening is testing for diseases in a fetus before it is born. The aim is to detect birth defects such as neural tube defects, Down syndrome, chromosome abnormalities and so on. An ultrasound screening in the first, second and third trimester can rule out potential for abnormalities. Nuchal translucency measurement is a common screening test at the first trimester scans.

Diagnostic Radiology

  • Hysterosalpingography (HSG) is a radiologic procedure to investigate the shape of the uterine cavity and the shape and patency of the fallopian tubes. It entails the injection of a radio-opaque material into the cervical canal and usuallyunder fluoroscopic control. A normal result shows the filling of the uterine cavity and the bilateral filling of the fallopian tube following the injection material. HSG is known as one of the first conventional diagnostic tool that provides valuable information about the uterine cavity and tubal patency. Hysterosalpingography is superior to other techniques to check the openness of the Fallopian tubes, and to monitor the effects of surgery on the Fallopian tubes.
  • Other Graphy with Contrast (IVP, BE, ...)
  • Routine Radiology (Chest X-Ray,KUB, ...)

Diagnostic Imaging in Male Infertility

  • Gray Scale Sonography

                    -Trans Abdominal
                    -Trans Rectal
                  -Scrotul sonography: to assess prostate and seminal vesicles. Seminal vesicles abnormally which is caused by acquired diseases (seminal vesiculitis) and congenital abnormality (ectopic insertion of the ureter into the seminal vesicle, S.V. agenesis, seminal vesicles cysts) may causes infertility.

  • Color Doppler Sonography

                       -With injection: to evaluate impotence with injection of Papaverine
                       -Without injection
                       -Assessment and classification of varicocele
                       -Assessment of blood supply of testis’s mass
                       -Assessment of possibility of testicular torsion
                       -Confirmation of inflammatory lesions like epididymitis

  • Vasography is a surgical test in which a radio- opaque dye is injected into the vas to determine if it is open or blocked and if it is blocked, to find out the exact site of the block. This test requires very delicate surgery and X-ray equipment.

 

 

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